Abdel-Moati, M. A. 2007. Coral reef conservation in Qatar. http://assets.panda.org/downloads/coral_reefs_qatar_mohamed_alaa_abdel_moati.pdf. Accessed 10 May 2011.
Baums, I. B., Hughes, C. R. and Hellberg, M. E. 2005. Mendelian microsatellite loci for the Caribbean coral Acropora palmata. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 288: 115-127.
Brook, G. 1891. Descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Mar. Biol. 51: 381-388.
Carpenter, K. E., Harrisoh, P. L., Hodgson, G., Alsaffar, A. H. and Alhazeem, S. H. 1997. The corals and coral reef fishes of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait, P: 166.
Coles, S. L. 2003. Coral species diversity and environmental factors in the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman: a comparison to the Indo-pacific region. Atoll Res. Bull. 507: 1-19.
Cornell, H. V. and Karlson, R. H.2000. Coral species richness: ecological versus biogeographical influences. Coral Reefs, 19: 37–49.
Fadlallah, Y. H., Eakin, C. M., Allen, K. W., Rahim, R. A., Reaka-Kudla, M. and Earle, S. A. 1992. Reef coral distribution and reproduction, community structure, and reef health (Qatar, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait). Workshop on the results of the Mt. Mitchell Cruise in the ROPME Sea Area, Kuwait, pp 24.
Fatemi, M. R. and Shokri, M. R. 2003. Iranian coral reefs status with particular reference to Kish island, Persian Gulf. 26-28 November 2001, Pages 1-12 in D. O. Obura
, R. A. Payet
and J. Tamelander
(eds.). Indian Ocean Regional Workshop, Mozambique.
Foster, A. B. 1983. The relationship between corallite morphology and colony shape in some massive reef-coralsv. Coral Reefs, 2: 19–25.
Garland, T. and Kelly, S. A. 2006. Phenotypic plasticity and experimental evolution. J. Exp. Biol. 209: 2344-12361.
Hodgson, G. and Carpenter, K. 1995. Scleractinian corals of kuwait. Pac. Sci. 49(3): 227-246.
Isomura, N. and Hidaka, M. 2008. Microsatellite loci isolated from the scleractinian coral, Acropora nobilis. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 8 (3): 587–589.
Maghsoudlou, A. 2008. Hard Corals of the Iranian Coastal Waters of the Persian Gulf. Tehran, IRAN: Iranian National Institute for Oceanography.
Oken, L. 1815. Steinkorallen. Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3: 59–74.
Patton, W. K. 1994. Distribution and Ecology of Animals Associated with Branching Corals (Acropora Spp.) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Bull. Mar. Sci. 55 (1): 193-211.
Pigliucci, M. 2005. Evolution of phenotypic plasticity: where are we now? Trends Ecol. Evol. 20: 481-486.
Rahmani, M. R. 2012. Biosystematic study of genus Acropora (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) in the Larak and Khark Islands. PhD thesis.
Rahmani, M. R. and Rahimian, H. 2013. Preliminary study on Acropora (Scleractinia:Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) of the Persian Gulf, with emphasis on its north and northeastern parts. Turk. J. Zool. 37: 308-320.
Riegl, B. 1999. Corals in a non-reef setting in the southern Arabian Gulf (Dubai, UAE): fauna and community structure in response to recurring mass mortality. Coral Reefs, 18: 63–73.
Riegl, B. M. and Purkis, S. J. 2012. Dynamics of gulf coral communities: observations and models from the world’s hottest coral sea. In: Riegl B. M. and Purkis, S. J. (eds). Coral reefs of the gulf: adaptation to climatic extremes, Coral Reefs of the World 3, Springer, the Netherlands, pp:.71-93.
Riegl, B. M., Purkis, S. J., Al-Cibahy, A. S., Al-Harthi, S., Grandcourt, E., Al-Sulaiti, Kh, et al. 2012. Coral bleaching and mortality thresholds in the SE gulf: highest in the world. In: Riegl B. M. and Purkis, S. J. (eds). Coral reefs of the gulf: adaptation to climatic extremes, Coral Reefs of the World 3, Springer, the Netherlands, pp:.95-105.
Roy, K. J. and Smith, S. V. 1971. Sedimentation and coral reef development in turbid water: Fanning Lagoon. Pac. Sci. 25: 234-248.
Shinn, E. A. 1976. Coral reef recovery in Florida and the Persian Gulf. Environ. Geol. 1: 241–254.
Todd, P. A. 2008. Morphological plasticity in scleractinian corals. Biol. Rev. 83: 315-337.
van Oppen, M. J. H., Underwood, J. N., Muirhead, A. N. and Peplow, L. 2007. Ten microsatellite loci for the reef-building coral Acropora millepora (Cnidaria, Scleractinia) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Mol. Ecol. Notes 7 (3): 436-438.
Wallace, C. C. 1999. Staghorn corals of the world : a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. CSIRO, Victoria, Australia, P: 421.
Wallace, C. C. and Rosen, B. R. 2006. Diverse staghorn corals (Acropora) in high-latitude
Eocene assemblages: implications for the evolution of modern diversity patterns of reef corals. Proc. R. Soc. B, 273: 975-982.
Wolstenholme, J. K., Wallace, C. C. and Chen, C. A. 2003. Species boundaries within the Acropora humilis species group (Cnidaria; Scleractinia): a morphological and molecular interpretation of evolution. Coral Reefs, 22: 155–166.